Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Jobs that are over- and under-represented by African-American workers

One of the barriers to African-Americans finding work is the difficulty visualizing themselves in certain professions. For example, most young African-American men can visualize themselves as rap stars, or basketball players or cops. They either know African-Americans working those jobs or have seen them in real life or on TV.

Other professions are less "imaginable" to them. Professions like working in a machine shot or delivering heating oil or owning a handy-man repair shop.

So, in the interest of science, here are the most over-subscribed and under-subscribed jobs for African-Americans normalized by 13.3% of the population.  Zero Percent means that 13.3% of the employees in that profession identify as African-American SOURCE

African-Americans over-represented:

Bus service and urban transit 167.7%
Barber shops 131.6%
Taxi and limousine service 127.1%
Postal Service 115.0%
Nursing care facilities (skilled nursing facilities) 112.8%
Investigation and security services 103.0%
Residential care facilities, except skilled nursing facilities 97.7%
Home health care services 96.2%
Automotive equipment rental and leasing 94.0%
Animal slaughtering and processing 91.7%
Vocational rehabilitation services 82.7%
Couriers and messengers 66.2%
Administration of human resource programs 66.2%
Warehousing and storage 63.9%
Miscellaneous general merchandise stores 60.2%
Employment services 59.4%
Transportation and warehousing 58.6%
Business support services 56.4%
Individual and family services 56.4%
Shoe stores 54.9%
Other health care services 50.4%
Ship and boat building 46.6%
Social assistance 46.6%
Wired telecommunications carriers 45.1%
Transportation and utilities 44.4%
Rental and leasing services 44.4%
Department stores and discount stores 42.1%
Electronic shopping 41.4%
Other consumer goods rental 38.3%
Health services, except hospitals 38.3%
Child day care services 36.1%
Services incidental to transportation 35.3%
Sugar and confectionery products 34.6%
Beverage and tobacco products manufacturing 33.1%
Air transportation 33.1%
Executive offices and legislative bodies 33.1%
Traveler accommodation 32.3%
Waste management and remediation services 31.6%
Health care and social assistance 31.6%
Tire manufacturing 30.8%
Public finance activities 30.8%
Soap, cleaning compound, and cosmetics manufacturing 30.1%
Not specified retail trade 27.8%
Beverage manufacturing 27.1%
Car washes 27.1%
Public administration 27.1%
Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment manufacturing 25.6%

Most Under-represented:

Aerospace product and parts manufacturing -94.7%
Machine shops; turned product; screw, nut, and bolt manufacturing -91.0%
Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers -89.5%
Farm supplies merchant wholesalers -87.2%
Other motor vehicle dealers -86.5%
Fishing, hunting, and trapping -85.7%
Crop production -84.2%
Software publishers -83.5%
Animal production and aquaculture -82.7%
Veterinary services -81.2%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting -80.5%
Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing -78.2%
Personal and household goods repair and maintenance -78.2%
Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores -77.4%
Coal mining -75.9%
Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers -75.9%
Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers -74.4%
Specialized design services -74.4%
Fuel dealers -73.7%
Support activities for agriculture and forestry -72.2%
Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores -69.2%
Metalworking machinery manufacturing -68.4%
Computers and electronic products manufacturing -65.4%
Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers -65.4%
Electronic component and product manufacturing, n.e.c. -64.7%
Sporting goods, and hobby and toy stores -64.7%
Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search portals -63.2%
Communications, and audio and video equipment manufacturing -62.4%
Advertising, public relations, and related services -62.4%
Recreational vehicle parks and camps, and rooming and boarding houses -62.4%
Pipeline transportation -61.7%
Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing -60.9%
Printing and related support activities -60.2%
Offices of chiropractors -60.2%
Oil and gas extraction -59.4%
Cement, concrete, lime, and gypsum product manufacturing -59.4%
Securities, commodities, funds, trusts, and other financial investments -59.4%
Offices of optometrists -58.6%
Household appliances and electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers -57.9%
Hardware stores -57.1%
Foundries -56.4%
Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments manufacturing -56.4%
Offices of dentists -56.4%
Architectural, engineering, and related services -55.6%
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance -55.6%
Alcoholic beverages merchant wholesalers -54.9%
Construction -53.4%
Furniture and related product manufacturing -52.6%
Beer, wine, and liquor stores -52.6%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction -51.9%
Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers -51.9%
Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers -51.9%
Legal services -51.9%
Electric and gas, and other combinations -51.1%
Professional and technical services -50.4%
Aircraft and parts manufacturing -48.9%
Sewage treatment facilities -48.9%
Periodical, book, and directory publishers -48.9%
Other professional, scientific, and technical services -48.9%
Landscaping services -48.9%
Sawmills and wood preservation -48.1%
Newspaper publishers -48.1%
Data processing, hosting, and related services -48.1%
Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers -47.4%
Computer systems design and related services -47.4%
Support activities for mining -45.9%
Nail salons and other personal care services -45.9%
Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing -44.4%
Offices of other health practitioners -44.4%
Labor unions -44.4%
Miscellaneous wood products -43.6%
Wholesale electronic markets and agents and brokers -43.6%
Libraries and archives -43.6%
Business, professional, political, and similar organizations -43.6%
Logging -42.9%
Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying -42.9%
Management, scientific, and technical consulting services -42.9%
Miscellaneous fabricated metal products manufacturing -42.1%
Dairy product manufacturing -42.1%
Professional and commercial equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers -42.1%
Miscellaneous retail stores -42.1%
Recyclable material merchant wholesalers -41.4%
Primary metals and fabricated metal products manufacturing -40.6%
Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services -40.6%
Agricultural implement manufacturing -39.8%
Nonmetallic mineral products manufacturing -39.1%
Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing -39.1%
Management of companies and enterprises -39.1%
Repair and maintenance -39.1%
Automotive repair and maintenance -39.1%
Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance -38.3%
Not specified wholesale trade -37.6%
Specialty food stores -37.6%
Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops -37.6%
Scientific research and development services -37.6%
Carpet and rug mills -36.1%
Cut and sew apparel manufacturing -36.1%
Paper manufacturing and printing -36.1%
Structural metals, and boiler, tank, and shipping container manufacturing -34.6%
Machinery manufacturing -33.8%
Electric power generation, transmission, and distribution -33.8%
Construction, and mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing -33.1%
Wholesale trade -33.1%
Retail florists -33.1%
Savings institutions, including credit unions -33.1%
Resin, synthetic rubber and fibers, and filaments manufacturing -32.3%
Rubber product, except tire, manufacturing -32.3%
Utilities -32.3%
Real estate -32.3%
Automobile dealers -30.8%
Durable goods manufacturing -30.1%
Miscellaneous manufacturing -30.1%
Animal food, grain, and oilseed milling -30.1%
Not specified food industries -30.1%
Commercial, industrial, and other intangible assets rental and leasing -29.3%
Private households -29.3%
Household appliance manufacturing -28.6%
Textiles, apparel, and leather manufacturing -28.6%
Water transportation -28.6%
Miscellaneous manufacturing, n.e.c. -27.1%
Building material and supplies dealers -27.1%
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing -26.3%
Other administrative and other support services -26.3%
Textile product mills, except carpet and rug -25.6%
Professional and business services -25.6%
Drinking places, alcoholic beverages -25.6%


  1. You have to know a job exists before you can start preparing for it or looking for it. That's the "imaginable" part.

    You have to be physically and mentally capable of doing the job you're going after. If a group has an average IQ of 85, which jobs on those lists will an average group member be mentally capable of?

    It's interesting that "Drinking places, alcoholic beverages" is one where they are under represented. Surely that's familiar? Surely it takes more social skills than smarts? I wonder what that requires that they don't like or don't have?

    1. Delivering fuel oil or propane, for one. Dispatch down-loads the addresses and proposed order. GPS plots the route.

      Pump the requested amount of fuel. Fill in the blank fields on the invoice and off to the next stop.

      So simple even management can do it.

      Screw machine shop? Start by humping stock. Learn how to load it into a CNC lathe. Then learn how to operate GO-NOGO gauge. I really believe the problem is cultural.

      Cement work? Currently sewn up by the Hispanics, who work their asses off. They will inevitably work their way up the job food-chain. Who can hump more cement in five gallon buckets down into a cellar: A 155 pound Hispanic or a 225 pound African-American?

      Alcoholic beverages? In my town they could not work in those areas because the business would lose it azz when family and hommies demanded free merchandise.

    2. Bartending requires sober family, or at least family that doesn't insist on freeloading? Makes sense.

      As for carrying concrete, the dude that wants to work is going to outlast anyone who doesn't care if he's working. Many Blacks do have culture problems. Concrete work leaves you hurting at the end of the day. It is for tough men, and I don't think the ghetto raises many tough men.

      To drive a fuel truck, you have to get a CDL with hazmat endorsement, have to pass a pee test, have to be able to follow instructions. I see a lot of stumbling blocks for people with low IQ, poor impulse control and a culture of sullen defiance.

      Something else that's driving this is the Affirmative Action-driven demand for capable or at least harmless Blacks. If you are somewhat tractable, able to stay out of jail, close to the American average for IQ, and Black, you are going to be shanghaied into college, then into some corporate or government job where you fill a quota. The Blacks who would be able to work in those industries get siphoned into low-requirement fields like HR.

  2. It's ominous how comments here so far equate African Americans with low IQ or laziness.

    "Most Under-represented:
    Aerospace product and parts manufacturing -94.7%
    Aircraft and parts manufacturing -48.9%"

    Now this sounds mutually exclusive.
    So I looked up the source and I gotta say I'm not sure OP got the math right / meaningful. I don't have time right now to check that, though.

    1. The formula I put in Excel was =((original data expressed as decimal)/0.133-1) then reformatted as a percentage

      Data was in a table. The column in question was labeled 2018/Percent of total employed/Black or African American

      0.7% of the people employed in Aerospace product and parts manufacturing are Black or African American

      Looking at the high end, most jobs in urban transport are in large cities with far more than 13.3% African Americans. Postal jobs and jobs in Corrections are given out by competitive exam where all African Americans who score over 70% are automatically given 100%. It is generally believed that the average African American woman is physically as strong as the average white male which makes the high representation in healthcare believable because it is physically demanding to move inert patients and change beds.

      Regarding Aerospace: The three largest metro areas for aerospace employment are Seattle (7.9% Black), Los Angeles (9.8% Black) and Dallas/Fort Worth (15.4% Black)


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