|Unless otherwise noted, all trees that I will discuss are "Tall" trees.|
Northern White Cedar, also known as Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis)
This is the cedar of northern cedar swamps, the ones where Whitetailed deer bed for the winter. This is a medium sized tree. It likes moist soil and unlike most conifers, is very tolerant of lime.
|A nice progression of different aged White Cedar from left-to-right. Most of these are sold in containers and have been selected for narrow, upright form. These trees are at the west end of State St, across from the Subway Sandwich shop.|
|Another "Cemetery" tree. This one is in the graveyard of the United Methodist church on the corner of Parma Road and Pope Church Road in Jackson county.|
Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)This is the "other" cedar. It is also tolerant of lime. It is the cedar that gives pencils and cedar chests their distinctive smell. It is also a medium sized tree. It is the bookend of the White Cedar. The White Cedar likes moist soil, Eastern Red Cedar hates moist soil. It wants DRY.
One issue with Eastern Red Cedar is that it is the alternate host for Cedar-apple gall, to the detriment of both species. CAR also affects hawthorns and quince.
|These three trees are at the northeast corner of the Shelly-Odell funeral home on Main Street. These are "common" Red Cedar.|
Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)
As long as we are doing conifers and cemeteries, lets talk about Red Pine. Red Pine is a big tree. For reasons that are not clear to me, the horticulture industry started planting Austrian Pine in the 1950s. The non-native Austrian Pine are dying in droves the but Red Pine keep chugging along.
|There are four Red Pine in this picture from the Springport cemetery. Springport is the town just south of Eaton Rapids. The next picture is a close-up of the one on the left.|
|The blue barrel is a standard sized, 55 gallon barrel. Just look at the massive blocks and fissures in the bark. This is one of the "medium sized" trees in the cemetery.|
|This is a picture of the big Red Pine. It dwarfs the tree to the right of it. They were undoubtedly planted at the same time.|
Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)
We are at the extreme southern end of the range for Balsam Fir. I wonder if these trees were also grubbed out of a local drain.
|No tree has better smelling needles than Balsam Fir. Balsam Fir needles have the bonus of being soft on the skin. These four trees are on McArthur River Drive, just south of the apartment complex.|
American Chestnut (Castanea dentata)
This is not a tree I expected to run into but one of our local tree gurus pointed it out to me (Thanks, Bill!)
American Chestnut is not appropriate for a yard or street tree. The tree is vulnerable to Chestnut blight which usually kills it dead, Dead, DEAD in short order. The husks are covered with extraordinarily sharp needles.
|The tree in the center of the frame is the American Chestnut. The Tabernacle at the Holiness Church Camp is in the background.|
|God bless 10X optical zoom. You can see a husk or a burr hanging on in the upper-right corner of the bunch of leaves.|
|A shot up the trunk.|
Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)
|Got Squirrels? Corner of Chester and Hale streets. This neighborhood is carpet bombed with very nice Shagbark trees.|
|It comes by its name honestly.|
You will almost never see a nurseryman selling Hickory trees. They tend to grow slowly and they sport a tap-root that goes down a mile. Consequently, they tend to sulk for a few years after being transplanted. Somebody obviously loved Shagbark Hickories enough to plant these trees as nuts and then care for them until they could fend for themselves.
I think Shagbark Hickory are GREAT yard and street trees. According to sources, hickory trees are the most common non-oak genus in Oak Savannas.
Maybe Lucky can post his recipe for Hickory bark syrup.
Mulberry and Sweet Cherries (Morus spp. and Prunus avium)
This is a double bonus.
Sweet Cherry trees seem to do well around here. They might not produce fruit reliably, but they can be counted on to survive the climate, especially if you plant them on the north side of a building or where their trunks can be shaded during the winter. Example: with bushes clustered around them. The limiting factor for Sweet Cherries seems to be sun scald, where the sun reflects off of the snow and thaws out the south side of the trunk. The rapid re-freeze plays havoc with the tree.