I did a search on ".308 Winchester in Alaska" just to see what people were saying.
|.308 Winchester on the left, .30-06 on the right.
Before I go farther I want to share that with advances in propellant technology, the .308 Winchester of today matches or exceeds the velocities of the .30-06 Springfield of 1950. And with modern bullet designs, the .308 Winchester easily out penetrates the 30-06 of 1950.
In 1950 the .30-06 was the go-to round for hunting brown bear and was even considered a fine round for hunting cape buffalo.
Today, the armchair hunters, internet experts and well-healed hunter will tell you that the .308 Winchester bounces off deer, moose, bears and is best suited for shooting coyotes and feral cats.
To take a bear, for instance, requires a magnum (defined as a cannon capable of flinging a small-block V8 at 3000fps) and depleted uranium projectiles.
I sold a LOT of the MilSurp Israeli .308 Mausers up here in Northern Ontario....a lot of moose got killed with them by LOCALS!
The problem isn't with "How Big is the Gun", it's "How WELL you can Place the shot". My Native friend up here hunted forever with a 30-30 both in lever and bolt actions.
They know how to get to a moose and kill it at a 20 to 50 yard range.
The "modern" hunter need the big magnums to shoot across the lake or a clearing, since they have usually no clue how to get close!! Rightfully so, since the noise of the ATV or Bike will drive the game away
ANY .30 Cal will kill a moose as long as it is in the RIGHT range and the shot is placed right!
There are more moose killed with a 30-30 over the years then with any of the other kind of calibres. Source
I have to agree that a ridiculous number of hunters, even young ones, ride ATVs to their deer stand even if it is a humble two-hundred yards off the road.
Another couple of shortcomings of the modern hunter are lack of patience and inability to track. They come charging after the wounded animal like they are going to run it down. The animal, which often laid down fifty yards from where it was hit, jumps up and runs for the county line.
One other attribute of the native hunter is that he isn't punching a time clock. If he sees an animal but it is too far away, he is likely to pass it up knowing that he might get another crack at it tomorrow. The "dude" is ever mindful of the fact that he only has a few days to bag that moose or elk.
That is not to say that there are NO natives who take crappy shots. Optimists abound everywhere. What I am saying is that there is less time pressure on the native.
|.30-30 Winchester on the left, .308 Winchester on the right
A moose is a lot more aerobic than a dairy cow, but it isn't much bigger. If a 30-30 can kill a Holstein then a .308 can kill a moose.
The only asterisk is that a .308 Winchester is plenty if you are hunting bear but you might be more comfortable with a bigger gun when the bear is hunting you.