This is a Malthusian question.
The population continues to expand.
Resources are subject to depletion.
Human inventiveness can substitute and redefine resources to soften the blow of resource depletion. Coal replaced firewood. Oil replaced coal. Natural gas can replace oil. But each resource is subject to depletion and the laws of diminishing returns.
Top soil erodes. Major nutrients are replaced. Nitrogen is synthesized using electricity generated by oil, gas or coal. Phosphate mined from deposits in Florida, Carolina, Utah or Idaho. Potassium is mined in Canada. All subject to depletion in their own right.
"Toys" can be miniaturized so they consume less. Thirty years ago, who would have believed that everybody would be walking around with a TV and movie theater in their back pocket?
The masking of resource depletion is temporary. As time marches on, more and more people will start to notice the loss of opportunities. Others will notice the disappearance of freedoms as the collective redefines the use of resources as crimes.
It is a pessimistic view of the future but the math will win. Eventually.