One might go to a University to find an intelligent person.
Most universities have Athletic Directors. In most cases, those Athletic Directors pay somebody to coach the track team. If you accept that ADs are financially competent and act in a rational manner, they it is safe to assume that Athletic Directors believe that coaches can improve the performance of track athletes, that is, it is financially justifiable to pay them money to coach athletes to run faster.
Strides or gaits
For younger athletes, the biggest gain is in teaching the basics of "stride".
Many young athletes are "trotters". Attempts to "run faster" are self limiting.
Breaking down the dynamics of what is happening in each part of the trotting stride:
The second part of the stride (still rising) has the front of the foot in contact with the ground and launching the body forward. That is the only time a trotter is adding speed!
From mid-trajectory onward, the runner's body is not in contact with the ground. They are a ballistic missile reentering the atmosphere at that stage of the stride.
Attempts to "trot faster" quickly reach a point where ballistic missile stage dominates the stride. The runner cannot do anything until their foot comes back in contact with the ground.
|Plotting the hip of a sprinter shows an almost straight line. This can be communicated to the sprinter...The only way to be as fast as a bullet (or laser) is to fly in a straight line like a bullet (or laser),
One of the finer points in coaching sprinting is that the runner must not use the ground to stop their foot. They should be using the muscles in their buttocks and hamstrings to start the landing foot moving backward before it hits the ground.. There should be no skid marks.